How To Spot Overtraining and Undertraining in Baseball
Baseball players, no doubt, go through long and frequent season schedules and so every fitness coach has to determine whether they are undertraining or overtraining. There is a delicate balance between the two and being able to maintain this balance will affect how well your team performs in the games. In order to have a balance, there are two aspects that need to be focused on. One, the workload that the players perform in the gym must be enough to cause a change in homeostasis so that it drives adaptation, yet it shouldn’t be in excess such that it leads to unmanageable levels of physical stress. Two, there should be sufficient recovery to enable adaptation, but not too much that it negatives affects the next workout. What to aim for:
For baseball players, they should have at least two consecutive recovery days every week if they can be implemented into the training schedule. Back-to-back days have proven to be effective as they offer the body a chance to naturally “reset” before the player can embark on the next week of training. These two days will transform practice from an endless continuation of a mind-numbing activity into a fresh start.
- Training volume
There is no disputing that the training volume of baseball athletes is normally very high in the hours that are put in every week. However, lots of training time does not always equate to effective training. With the right elements put in place so that a balance is struck, you should be able to spot undertraining such as in strength and conditioning. Measure effectiveness against training volume to spot possible under-training of athletes.
- Setting a training goal
If you are exerting too much stress on the body that it is unable to adapt enough, it may lead to exhaustion. Instead, in every training session, the goal should be to enable the player to become the best athlete they can become. During in-season, baseball players should train with good intensity though not maximum intensity. By pulling the reins on intensity as a coach, you should be able to cut on exhaustion levels that often result in overtraining. Set measurable goals, and track the successes of each player.